188体育网

NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHI:JINZHAN、KUNJINGYUPOJIELUJING(SHANGPIAN)

2019-02-10188体育网    

 

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摘要:日渐加快的城镇化建设, 促使城镇建设用地需求不断增加, 并逐渐向农村地区过渡。虽然当前国家大力推进农村集体经营性建设用地入市试点工作, 但尚未出台明确性法律文件对入市路径进行准确界定, 且城市与农村两类建设用地依旧分属不同土地交易市场。针对于此, 就当前农村集体经营性建设用地入市中存在的制度规范、监督管理、收益分配机制等困境, 可通过健全土地确权审核机制、明确土地产权关系、建立统一城乡用地市场以及扶植产权金融服务平台等路径进行健全, 进而进一步规范我国农村集体经营性建设用地入市工作。

YI、YINYAN

TUDIZHIDUSHUYUGUOJIAJICHUXINGZHIDUZHIYI, CHENGZAIZHEGUOJIAYOUXUDIAOKONGGUOMINJINGJIDEZHONGZE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYILAI, WOGUONONGCUNTUDIZHIDUGONGLIJINGSANCIZHONGDABIANQIAN, YOUJIANGUOCHUQIDENONGMINTUDISUOYOUZHI, DAOGUODUSHIQIDEJITIGONGYOUGONGSHEJINGYINGNONGCUNTUDIZHIDU。BURUGAIGEKAIFANGJIEDUANHOU, TUDIJINGYINGQUANCONGSUOYOUQUANZHONGFENLICHULAI, XINGCHENGJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHI, BINGZHUBUYANSHENGCHUJIATINGNONGCHANG、GONGSHANGZIBEN (GONGSI+NONGHU) 、TUDIGUFENHEZUOSHEDENGDUOZHONGGUIMOJINGYINGMOSHI。ZHEIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG, CUJINTUDIJINGJIXIAOLVTISHENG, TUIDONGNONGCUNJINGJIFAZHAN。DANSHI, TUDIZHIDUGAIGESHIFUZAXINGHEZHOUQIXINGJIANBEIDEYIXIANGZHONGDAGONGCHENG。RUHELIYONGTUDIJINGYINGPANHUOTUDIZIBEN, TUIDONGTUDILIUZHUAN, JIANGTUDIZIYUANZHUANHUAWEINONGCUNJUMINDEJINGJIZIYUANYUFUWUZIYUAN, CHENGWEIDANGQIANTUDIZHIDUGAIGEDEZHONGDIANFANGXIANG。

WOGUOXIANXINGNONGCUNTUDIZHIDU, SUOYOUQUANGUISHUYUNONGMINJITISUOYOU, NONGMINYONGYOUSHENGCHANJINGYINGQUANYUSHOUYICHUFENQUAN。JINNIANLAI, CHENGSHIKONGJIANDEZHONGZUYUKUOZHANG, DAIDONGCHANYEJIEGOUSHENGJIYUNONGCUNTUDISHICHANGFAYU, JITIJIANSHEYONGDIDEJINGJIJIAZHIRIYITUXIAN (WANGXIAOYING, 2014) 。RANER, WOGUO《TUDIFA》MINGQUEGUIDING, TUDIZHINENGTONGGUOZHENGSHOUZHUANBIANSUOYOUQUAN, BUNENGZIYOULIUZHUAN。YEJIUSHINONGMINJITISUOYOUTUDIZHINENGTONGGUOZHUANRANG、LIANYING、CHUZUDENGFANGSHI, YOUCHANGRANGDUTUDISHIYONGQUAN, CHULEBEIYIFAZHENGSHOUWEIGUOYOUTUDI, TUDISUOYOUQUANXINGZHIBUNENGGOUGAIBIAN。TONGSHI, DANGQIANSHISHIDECHENGXIANGERYUANTUDISUOYOUZHI, JICHENGSHITUDISUOYOUQUANGUISHUYUGUOJIA, NONGCUNTUDIYOUNONGMINJITISUOYOU, DAOZHIBUTONGSUOYOUZHIXIADECHENGXIANGTUDISHICHANGBEIGEJUE。JINGUANNONGMINJITIDETUDIJINGYINGYIYUANBUDUANZENGQIANG, DANSHIYOUYUZHENGDIBIAOZHUNGUODI、BAOLICHAIQIANDENGBUHELIDEZHENGDIZHIDU, NONGCUNTUDIDEJINGJIXIAOYINANYIFAHUI, WUFABAOZHANGNONGMINJITIYINGYOULIYI。ZAICIBEIJINGXIA, GUONEIXUEZHEQIANGLIEHUYUNONGCUNTUDIZHIDUGAIGE, SHIXIANCHENGXIANGJIANSHEYONGDIDETONGQUANTONGJIA。

2013NIAN11YUE, SHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUI《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGERUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》WENJIANMINGQUEZHICHU, JIANLICHENGXIANGTONGYIDEJIANSHEYONGDISHICHANG。ZAIFUHEGUIHUAHEYONGTUGUANZHIDEQIANTIXIA, YUNXUNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDI, YUGUOYOUTUDIYIYANGYONGYOU“TONGDENGRUSHI、TONGQUANTONGJIA”DEQUANLI。2014NIAN, ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGBANGONGTING、GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGLIANHEYINFA《GUANYUYINDAONONGCUNTUDIJINGYINGQUANYOUXULIUZHUANFAZHANNONGYESHIDUGUIMOJINGYINGDEYIJIAN》, YAOQIUGEDIQUWUNIANNEIWANCHENGCHENGBAOJINGYINGQUANQUEQUANDENGJI, JIADATUDILIUZHUANHESHIDUGUIMOJINGYINGDETUIJINLIDU。CICINONGCUNJITITUDIQUEQUANDENGJIFAZHENGGONGZUO, BAOKUOSHUYUNONGMINJITISUOYOUDEJIANSHEYONGDI (HANNONGMINZHAIJIDI) 、NONGYONGDIHEWEILIYONGDIDENG, FUGAIFANWEIKUODAZHIQUANBUNONGCUNJITITUDI。2019NIAN, YINJIANHUI、GUOTUZIYUANBULIANHECHUTAI《NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANDIYADAIKUANGUANLIZANXINGBANFA》, ZAISHIDIANDIQU, DUIFUHEGUIHUA、YONGTUGUANZHI、YIFAQUDEYAOQIUDETUDI, XUYICHURANG、ZULIN、ZUOJIACHUZI (RUGU) FANGSHIRUSHI, QIEJUBEIRUSHITIAOJIANDENONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANKEYIBANLIDIYADAIKUAN。XINYILUNNONGCUNTUDIZHIDUGAIGEDEKAIZHAN, WEIPANHUONONGMINTUDIZICHANTIGONGLEYOULIDEZHIDUBAOZHANG, HENDUOXUEZHETICHU, JITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIGAIGEJIANGSHIFANGCHUJUDADEJINGJIHONGLI。

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188体育网ZHIDUBIANQIANLILUNJIESHILEZHIDUBIANQIANZHONGDELUJINGYILAIWENTI, GAIGEXINLUHUISHOUDAOYUANYOUTIZHIDEGANRAOHEYINGXIANG。GENBENYUANYINZAIYU, ZHIDUGAIGESHIQUANLIHELIYIDEZAIFENPEI, HUICHUFAYUANYOULIYIJITUANDEQUANLISHOUYIBIANDONG, JIANSHAOYUANYOUCHIYOUBILI, ZAIXINLIYIZHUTIJIANJINXINGZAIFENPEI, ZHIJIEYINGXIANGSHEHUIJINGJIDEFAZHAN。DUICI, WOGUOJITIJINGYINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHICAIYONGSHIDIANTUIGUANGMOSHI, QUEBAOGAIGEGONGZUOQUANGUOXINGDESHUNLITUIGUANGYUPUJI。ZAICIBEIJINGXIA, BENWENSHENRUPOUSHINONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJINZHANCHENGJIUYUMIANLINDEKUNJING, BINGTICHUXIANGYINGPOJIELUJING, WEIGAIGEDEJINYIBUTUIGUANGTIGONGJIEJUESILUHELILUNCANKAO。

ER、NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJINZHAN

188体育网NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJISHINONGCUNTUDIZAICHURANG、ZULIN、RUGUDENGGUOCHENGZHONG, YUGUOYOUTUDIXIANGYOUTONGQUANTONGJIADERUSHICELVE。ERNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIDECHIXUTUIJIN, DUISUOXIAOCHENGXIANGCHAJU、JIAKUAICHENGZHENHUAFAZHANJINCHENGYOUZHEJIJIZUOYONG。YISHITIGAONONGCUNTUDIZIYUANPEIZHIXIAOLV。NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHI, JIANGJINGYOUSHICHANGZISHENDIAOJIETUDIZIYUANJIAGE, WUYISHIYIZHONGYOUXIAODENONGCUNTUDIZIYUANYOUHUAFANGSHI。FANZHI, RUOTONGGUOZHENGFUDIAOKONGQIANGXINGZHENGYONGWEISHANGYEYONGDI, BUJINHUISUNHAINONGMINQUANYI, HAIHUICHANSHENGNONGCUNTUDILIUSHIDEFENGXIAN。ERSHIJIAKUAIWOGUOCHENGZHENHUAJIANSHEJINCHENG。NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHI, NENGGOUTONGGUOCHURANGXIANZHINONGCUNTUDIFANGSHIXIYINCHENGSHIZIJINYONGRU, ZHULINONGCUNDIQUGAISHANLUOHOUDEGONGGONGJIANSHEYUFUWU。CIWAI, PANHUONONGCUNDIQUXIANZHITUDI, NENGGOUQIDAOJIJUZHOUBIANRENLIZIYUANDEZUOYONG, JINERJIAQIANGNONGCUNDIQUDECHENGZHENHUAXIAOYING (HOUYINPING, 2014) 。SANSHIZENGJIANONGCUNJITISHOUYI。NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHI, HUIRAOGUODIFANGZHENGFUQIANGXINGZHENGYONGXINGSHI, ZHIJIEJINRUSHICHANG。XIANGJIAOZHENGFUZHIJIEZHENGDIBUCHANG, NONGCUNJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIDAILAIDECHIXULIYIWUYIGENGGAO, GENGYOUZHUYUZENGJIANONGMINZISHENSHOUYI, SUOXIAOCHENGXIANGSHOURUCHAJU。

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《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGERUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》ZHICHU, CHENGSHIYUNONGCUNTONGYIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISHICHANG, XUJIANGUGEREN、JITI、GUOJIADETUDIZENGZHISHOUYIFENPEIJIZHI, YIWANSHANNONGCUNTUDIZULIN、DIYA、ZHUANRANGERJISHICHANG。ZICI, NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIGONGZUOKAISHITISHANGRICHENG。ERHOU, 2016NIANDEZHONGYANGYIHAOWENJIANZHICHUNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIZICHANDEQUEQUANBANZHENG, XUZAI2020NIANJIBENWANCHENG, BINGKAISHINONGCUNYONGDISHIDIANGONGZUO。LIJINGSANNIANDESHIDIANFAZHAN, NONGCUNTUDIQUEQUAN、BANZHENG、HUADINGLIUZHUANFANWEIDENGSHIDIANGONGZUO, XINGCHENGLEYIXIEDAPILIANGKEFUZHI、TUIGUANGDEZHIDUXINGCHENGGUO。

1. XINGCHENG“CHUTAN-DIAOZHENG-FAZHAN”TUDIRUSHIMOSHI

188体育网DUONIANDESHIDIANGONGZUO, YIJIDUODIDESHIYANYUFANFUTUIQIAO, SHIDIANDIQUZIFAXINGCHENGLEKEJIAOYIDENONGCUNTUDIGUIZHI。“CHUTANXING”DIANXINGSHIDIANWEIGANSUSHENGLONGXIXIAN, ZAICICHENGLIDENONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIJIAOYISHICHANG, CUSHINONGCUNDIQUJIANSHEYONGDINENGGOUZAITONGYICHANGSUOYUGUOYOUTUDITONGQUANTONGJIAGONGTONGJIAOYI。GAIRUSHIMOSHIXIA, SHIDIANDIQUHUIJIANGZHONGDIANFANGZAIXIANCHENGZHOUBIANDIQU, CAIYONGZHIJIERUSHIFANGSHI, “ZHAOPAIGUA”YUXIEYICHURANGJINXINGJIAOYI。ERHOU, YI“DUOGUIHEYI”SHIDIANWEIQIJI, SHIDIANQUHUIZHUBUMOSUOZHEJIANZHANGLIZHI, QUEBAONONGCUNTUDIRUSHIGONGZUOSHUNLITUIJIN。“DIAOZHENGXING”DIANXINGSHIDIANSHISICHUANSHENGPIXIAN, DIAOZHENGQISHIDIANNONGCUNJITITONGCHANGHUICANGUCHENGLIZICHANGUANLIGONGSI, CAIYONG“HUALINGWEIZHENG”RUSHIFANGSHI, JIANGKOUCHUJUZHUJIGENGDIHOUFUHEGUIHUADEJIEYULINGXINGDIQUDIAOZHENGJIZHONGRUSHI。XIANGGUANNONGCUNJITIJIGOUGENJUTUDIQUWEI, YOUJICHAZHENGSHOU13%-40%DEDIAOJIEJIN。TONGCHANGERYAN, GAIMOSHIHUITONGGUO“ZHAOPAIGUA”YUXIEYICHURANGFANGSHI, TUIDONGNONGCUNDIQUYI、ER、SANCHANYELIANDONGFAZHAN, YIBIANJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDINENGGOULIANXIANCHENGPIANRUSHI。“FAZHANXING”DIANXINGSHIDIANSHIZHEJIANGSHENGDEQINGXIAN, YOUYIDIDIAOZHENGRUSHIYUJIUDIRUSHILIANGZHONGTUJING。FAZHANQISHIDIANTUDICHURANGHUOZULIN, CHONGFENZUNZHONGNONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHIYIYUAN, KAOLVYUANYOUTUDISHIYONGZHEJISUOYOUZHELIYIJICHUSHANG, ZHUTUI“ZHAOPAIGUA”JIAOYIXINGSHI。FAZHANXINGRUSHINONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDI, JIBENJUBEIJIAOWEIYANGEDEDICENGSHEJI, RUGONGKUANGCANGCHU、SHANGYEFUWUYONGDIDENG。ERHOUZAICHONGFENKAOLVTUDIYONGTUJIQUWEICHAYIJICHUSHANG, JIYUSHOUYIGONGXIANGYUTONGQUANTONGJIATONGZEYUANZE, CUNZAIYOUJICHAHEANLEIBIELIANGZHONGTUDIZIYUANSHOUQUBIAOZHUN。

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2. LIUCHENGZAIZAO, ZHIJIEDUIJIENONGCUNTUDIRUSHI

188体育网JIANLICHENGXIANGTONGYIJIANSHEYONGDISHICHANG, XIAOCHUCHENGXIANGERYUANTUDISUOYOUZHIDAOZHIDECHENGXIANGZIYUANPEIZHIHEGONGGONGFUWUGEJUBUJUNHENG, SHIWOGUOJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIGAIGEZHONGYAOMUBIAOZHIYI。YINCI, NONGCUNTUDISHIDIANZHONG, ZHENGFUHUIYI“ZUNZHONGNONGMINJITITUDISUOYOUQUAN”SIXIANG, GAOWEITUIDONGQIRUSHIXIANGGUANGONGZUO。ZAICANZHAOYUANYOUNONGCUNZHENGDIBIDUANJICHUSHANG, ZHENGFUHUICHUANGXINXINGZHONGGOUJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHILIUCHENG, DATONGERYUANTUDISHICHANG, SHIXINGTUDISHICHANGDEZHIJIELIUZHUAN。LIRU, YIDEQINGXIANWEIDAIBIAODESHIDIANQU, SHOUXIAN, TONGGUOTONGYIJIAOYIPINGTAI, TIGAORUSHIJIAGEGONGXINLI。DEQINGXIANJIANGJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDINARUYUANGUOYOUJIANSHEYONGDIJIAOYIPINGTAI, GONGTONGYITUOXIAN“GONGGONGZIYUANJIAOYIZHONGXIN”PINGTAIFABUXINXI、GUAPAIJINGJIA, XINGCHENGGONGPINGDEJINGZHENGHUANJING。QICI, TONGYICHENGXIANGTUDISHICHANGGUIZE, WANCHENGSHICHANGZIFADINGJIA。NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDI, ZAISHIDIANGUOCHENGZHONGDOUTONGYINARUDANGDITUDIGUIZETIZHONG, JIANLICHENGXIANGTONGYIDEJIZHUNDIJIATIXI。ZAIJIAOYIXINGSHISHANG, TUIGUANG“ZHAOPAIGUA”WEIZHUDEGONGKAIJIAOYIXINGSHI, QUANMIANYINRUJIAGEJINGZHENGJIZHI, BAOZHENGCHURANGYUZULINLIANGZHONGRUSHIFANGSHISHUNLITUIXING。ZUIHOU, TONGYIFUWUJIANGUAN, BAOZHANGYOUXURUSHI。ZHENGFUGEBUMENFAHUIFUWUJIANGUANZUOYONG, ZAIRUSHISHENHESHANG, NONGCUNJITIJINGJIZUZHITICHURUSHISHENQINGHOU, FAGAI、JIANSHE、HUANBAO、GUOTUDENGBUMENJINXINGGONGTONGSHENHE, LUNZHENGQIRUSHIYONGTUHEKEXINGXING。YICI, JIESHUGUOJIAZAITUDISHICHANGZHONGDELONGDUANDIWEI, JINERRANGSHICHANGCHENGWEIZIYUANPEIZHIZHUTI, YOUHUAZHENGFU、SHICHANGJISHEHUIZHIJIANDEZIYUANPEIZHIGUANXI。

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188体育网3. CHUANGXINCHENGXIANGTUDIJINRONGTIXI, SHENGJINONGCUNDIQUCHANYEJIEGOU

NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHI, TONGGUOKAIPIJINGJITOUZIXIANGMUTUDIXINZAITI, SHIXIANJINCHENGSHIJIANSHEYONGDIZHIBIAOJINQUEQINGKUANGDEDAOXIANGYINGHUANJIE。BINGQIE, NONGCUNTUDIRUSHIHOUQISHIYONGQUANDENGTONGYUGUOYOUTUDI, BUJINNENGGOUZAIYIJITUDISHICHANGCHURANG、ZULINYURUGU, HAINENGGOUZAIERJISHICHANGZHONGZHUANRANG、CHUZUJIDIYA。LIRU, 《YANTAISHIJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANLIUZHUANGUANLISHIXINGBANFA》LVXIANTICHULESHIXIANNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANDIYA, ZHENGFUXUJIERUJINXINGDANBAO, GULIJINRONGJIGOUKAIZHANTUDISHIYONGQUANDEDIYADAIKUANZHIDU, ZHENZHENGSHIXIANYUGUOYOUJIANSHEYONGDITONGDENGQUANNENG。TONGSHI, NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIDIYAQUANDESHIXIAN, XIAOWEIQIYEYETONGGUODIYARUSHITUDI, JIEJUELEQIYEZIJINYUNYINGYALI。JINER, WANCHENGPOCHUJIUCHANGFANG, SHENGJIJIQISHEBEIDEQIYEJINGJISHENGJIYUZHUANXING。XIANGGUANSHIDIANQUANNENGDIYADEJINRONGXINGGANGLINGWENJIAN, YIDINGCHENGDUZAIGUOJIADINGCENGSHEJICENGMIAN, TIGONGLEPANHUONONGCUNDIQUCUNLIANGJIANSHEYONGDIDEJINRONGGANGGANZHICHENG。

4. ZHUANGDANONGCUNJITIJINGJI, XINGCHENGXINLIYIFENPEIGEJU

188体育网YUANGUOYOUTUDIRUSHILIYIFENPEIJIZHIZHONG, ZHENGFUTONGCHANGCAIYONG“DIZHENGGAOMAI”FANGSHI, XIANGSHOUTUDIZENGZHIJUEDABUFENSHOUYI, XIANSHIXINGCHENGXIANGJINGYINGXINGTUDIRUSHILIYIFENPEIZHANGCHENG, YIMINGQUEDAONONGCUNJITI、GERENYIJIGUOJIAFANGMIAN。RU《HEBEISHENGJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISHIYONGQUANLIUZHUANGUANLIBANFA (SHIXING) 》JIUYIZHAO“SHEISUOYOU、SHEISHOUYI”YUANZE, BAOZHANGNONGCUNJITIDETUDISUOYOUQUANSHOUYI。ERZAISHIJILIYIFENPEIZHONG, ZHENGFUGENJUTUDIYONGTU、QUYUWEIZHIBUTONG, YIJIGONGGONGJICHUTOURULIDU, ZHENGSHOUHELIBILITUDIZENGZHISHOUYIDIAOJIEJIN, JINXINGTUDIZENGZHIDESHEHUIFANHAI。TONGSHI, ANZHAONONGCUNRUSHITUDISUOSHUSANJIJINGJIZUZHIDEBUTONG, JIANGJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHISUOYOUQUANSHOUYI, ANBUTONGBILIZHESUANYUNONGCUNJITI。YOUCI, XINDELIYIFENPEIGEJU, YIMINGQUESHOUYIYONGTU、MINGQUESHOUYISHUXING、MINGQUENONGMINLIYIWEIHEXIN, XINGCHENGLENONGCUNJITILIYIWEIZHUDETUDILIYIFENPEIGUIZE。

SAN、NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIDEKUNJINGJUMIAN

188体育网MUQIANWOGUOCHENGXIANGTUDISUOYOUQUANZHIDU, CUSHINONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHI, SHIBIHUICHANSHENGTUDIZULINYUZULINDEFENPEIWENTI。ERNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIZUOWEIWOGUO“WUFENGXIZHIDUBIANQIAN”DESHIJIANGUODUSHIQI, BIRANHUIZAOCHENGZHIDUSHANGDEZHONGDIEYINGXIANG, JINERCHANSHENGXINJIUZHIDUJIAOTIDEMOCACHENGBEN。RUCI, BENWENCONGZHIDUGUIFAN、JIANDUGUANLI、SHOUYIFENPEIJIZHISANFANGMIANFENXIWOGUONONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHISUOMIANLINDEKUNJING。

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1. ZHIDUGUIFANKUNJING

188体育网TUDICHANQUANJIEDINGYUQUANNENGBAOZHANGBUMINGXI。TONGCHANGNONGCUNJITISHINONGCUNJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISUOYOUQUANFANG。RANER, NONGCUNJITIZHENGSHICHENGDANSUOJIEDINGTUDISUOYOUQUANSHENFENSHI, QUECUNZAISANZHONGFANCHOU, MOHULETUDISUOYOUQUANZHUTIDEZHONGJIGUISHU, YIZHISUOYOUQUANZHUTIXUZHI, CHANQUANQUANNENGRUOHUA。ZHEIJINYIBUDAOZHINONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDISUOYOUQUANBEIRUOHUA, ZHUJIANCHENGWEIXUHUADEYIGEFUHAO (WANGQIUBINGDENG, 2017) 。YOUCI, DANGNONGCUNTUDIJITICHANQUANSHOUQINHAISHI, XUZHIDESUOYOUQUANZHINENG, BINGMEIYOUNENGLIJIYUYOULIHUIYINGHUOFANJI。ERNONGCUNJITIZAITUDIRUSHIGUOCHENGZHONG, JIANGHUIJINANZHAODAOSHIHEDEQUANLIXINGSHIZHUTIHEZHIXINGZHUTIWEIHUZISHENQUANYI。

188体育网CHENGXIANGERYUANTUDICHANQUANZHIDUXIACHENGXIANGTUDITONGQUANTONGJIAKUNNAN。WOGUOCHENGXIANGJIANSHEYONGDIKEJIAOYIXINGCUNZAIJIDACHAYI, 《TUDIGUANLIFA》《WUQUANFA》DENGDUIGUOYOUTUDIYOUJIAOYIQUANLIDEMINGLINGXINGTIAOLIBAOHU。DANDUIYUNONGMINJITISUOYOUTUDIYEMINGQUEZHICHU, BUDEZHUANRANGHUOYONGYUQITAFEINONGJIANSHE, CUSHINONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJIAOWEIJIANNAN。BINGQIE, WOGUOCHENGXIANGJIANSHEYONGDICHANQUANQUANNENGERYUANXINGZAIZHENGSHIZHIDUJIACHIXIAYUEJIAWENGU, ZHEIYEDAOZHINONGCUNTUDIZHENGCEZHIDUBIANQIANJIXIAOZAISHIJIANFANGMIANCUNZAIXIANGYINGCHIHUANQI。NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDI, JIANGXIANGDANGZHANGSHIJIANNEIZAITUDISHICHANGZHONGCHUYURUOSHIDIWEI。

188体育网BUJIANQUANDENONGCUNJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJIZHI。XIANJIN, WOGUOMINGQUEDENONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJIZHIWENJIAN, HAIWEIZHENGSHIBANBU。ZHEIYIWEIZHENONGCUNJIANSHEYONGDISHIBUNENGGOUJINRUSHICHANGJINXINGJIAOYIDE, SUIRANCUNZAIYIXIEZHENGCEYINDAOKAISHIFANGKUANNONGCUNJITITUDILIUZHUAN, DANSHIJICAOZUOZHONGWUFAGUJIDESHISHIXIZE, ZHISHINONGMINLIYIWUFADEDAOLIANGHAOBAOZHANG。LIRU, SHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUI, MINGQUELECHENGXIANGJIANLITONGYIDEJIANSHEYONGDISHICHANG, BINGZAISUIHOUTONGGUOLENONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIGONGZUODESHIDIANCAOAN。DANZHEIJINJINSHIWEIBUZUDAODEXIAOFANWEISHIDIANXIANGMU, JIUGUANGDADESHIDIANQUWAI, NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIYIRANSHOUXIANXINGFALVDEYUESHU。

TUDIQUEQUANBANZHENGZHIDUZHIXINGNANDUJIAODA。JITIJINGJIZUZHIZUOWEIYIGEXUHUADECHANQUANZHUTI, RUOTUDICHANQUANJIEDINGBUQINGXI, PEIZHIXIAOLVHENONGMINDEQUANYIJIUHENNANDEDAOBAOZHANG。YILAITUDIZIYUANQUEQUANDENGJIHEGUJIADINGJIACHENGBENGAO, XIAOLVDI。JINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIDEJIBENQIANTISHIQUEQUAN, RANERSHIJIQUEQUANQUEXUYAODALIANGRENLIWULIJIAYIZHICHENG, BAOKUOZHANGLIANGNONGCUNJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIJUTIMIANJI、QUERENJIANSHEYONGDISUOYOUZHEBINGJINXINGBANZHENG (CHENJIN, 2017) 。ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG, BUJINJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIYUZHAIJIDI、GONGYIXINGSHESHIYONGDINANYIQUFEN, ERQIELIYIQUSHIXIA, DELIFANGYUSHILIFANGBIRANYEHUIBANSUIZHEJIUFENHEMAODUN, YIZHIZHONGFUJINXINGCELIANGQUEQUANGONGZUO。ZAIZHE, BUMINGXIDETUDIRUSHIFANWEI, CUSHIBUTONGSHIDIANQUCUNZAIHEGUIXINGBUTONGDERUSHIZHANGCHENG, ZHEIDAOZHIBUTONGDIQUNONGCUNJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIGONGZUOBULVWEIJIAN。BIRU, QIANQIZHUNBEIGONGZUODEQUEQUANDENGJI、BANZHENG, ZHONGQIBAOCHOUZHIFU、JIANDUGUANLI, HOUQINONGMINLIYIFENPEI、YONGTUGUANZHIDENG, DOUSHIWUFAMINGQUEJIEDINGERCHANSHENGDERUSHIWENTI。

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2. JIANDUGUANLIKUNJING

188体育网NONGCUNTUDIYONGTUYUGUANLIJIANDUJIAONAN。YOUYUMUQIANWOGUOGUANYUNONGCUNTUDIJUTIYONGTUDEGUANZHIWENJIANBINGWEIBANBU, ZHISHINONGCUNJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIHOU, TUDIYONGTUYUGUANLIJIANDUCUNZAIWUFAKEYIQINGKUANG。YIFANGMIAN, TUDIRUSHIJIAOYIGUOCHENGZHONG, TUDICHENGJIEFANGSHENMINGDETUDIYONGTUHUONENGFUHEDIYUDEGUIHUAHEYONGTUGUANZHI。DANZAIHUOPIDAOTOUCHANSHIHUICUNZAIXIANGYINGSHIJIANCHA, ZAISHIJITOURUSHIYONGHOUTUDIYONGTUHAIHUIFOUTONGSHENQINGSHIYIZHI, XUYAOCHIXUJINXINGJIANDUGUANLI (LUXI, 2017) 。LINGYIFANGMIAN, NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIHOU, KENENGHUICHANSHENGBUZHIYICIDELIUZHUAN。CHUCILIUZHUANCHENGJIEFANGDETUDIYONGTUYUGUIHUAGUANZHI, SHIFOUWANHAOJIAJIEDAOZAICILIUZHUANCHENGJIEFANGCUNZAIHENDAYIWEN。CIWAI, JUDALIYIQUSHIXIA, NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIBUPAICHUHUIBEITOUHUANGAINIAN, JIANGQIKUODADAOGONGYIXINGYONGDI、ZHAIJIDI, SHENZHISHINONGYONGDI。

188体育网QUEFAZHUANZHIJIGOUHUHANGNONGCUNTUDI。MUQIANSHIDIANQUNEI, XIANGGUANJIGOUZHUANYEXINGBUQIANG, JIZHIYEBUWANSHAN, DAOZHIQIZAIZHIXINGZHONGCUNZAISUIYIXING, YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANGDILENONGCUNJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJIAOYIXIAOLV。MEIYOUZHUANZHIJIGOU, TUDIZHUANRANGFANGYUCHENGJIEFANGHENNANSHIXIANSHUANGFANGXINXIFANGMIANDEDUICHENG。NONGCUNJITIYOUYUXINXIDEBISAI, BINGBUHUIYOUXIAOQIEJISHIHUOQUTUDIGEZHONGXINXI, SHIQIZUOWEITUDIZHUANRANGFANGQUEJINGCHANGCHUYUJIAOYIDEBULIDIWEI。QIEDUOSHUNONGMINJITIYIGUOJIAJIZHUNDIJIAZUOWEIZHONGYAOHENGLIANGBIAOZHUN, ZAIJIASHANGYIJIADINGJIAXIANGGUANGUANLIJIANDUBUMENKENENGJINXINGQUANLIXUNZU, GENGHUIJIAJUJIAOYIDEBUGONGPINGCHENGDU。

LANYONGNONGCUNJITIGONGGONGQUANLI。TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA, NONGCUNJITIGONGGONGQUANLIJINYIKAOGETIHENNANSHIXIAN, CISHIBIANHUIYOUBEIFUYUQUANQUANDEJIGOUCHUXIAN。ERNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIGUOCHENGZHONG, XIANGGUANGUANLIJIANDUBUMENBIRANHUIJINXINGDIAOCHA, JINERJIANGGEZHUTILIYIHUOCHONGTUWEICHIZAIKEKONGFANWEINEI。QUANQUANJIGOUZAISHIXINGQISHEHUIGUANLIZHINENGZHONG, JUELIYIYOUHUOXIA, JIYILANYONGBEIFUYUDEGONGGONGQUANLI。RU, CHUANTONGZHENGDITIAOJIANXIA, DIFANGZHENGFUBINGBUJINXINGZHENGWUGONGKAI, KENENGYIGONGGONGLIYIWEIMINGDEZHENGDIXINGWEI, SHIJISHANGSHIWEICHITUDICAIZHENGZIJINLIANTIAODEFANGSHI, ZHEIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIUSUNHAILENONGMINJITIDELIYI。

188体育网3. SHOUYIFENPEIJIZHIKUNJING

188体育网NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHISHOUYISHANGWEITONGYIBIAOZHUN。LILUNSHANG, YOUGUANTUDISHOUYIJIBIEBIAOZHUNHUAFENBINGBUXIANGTONG。TONGCHANGTUDISHOUYIDOUHUIZUNSHOUDIZULILUN, JIANGNONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHISHOUYIFENWEILIANGZHONG:JICHADIZUYUJUEDUIDIZU (ZHANGYUMEI、WANGZIZHU, 2016) 。QIZHONG, JICHADIZUJISHIYINQUWEI、JIAOTONGBIANLICHENGDU、JUSHIQUYUANJINDENGJUEDINGJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIBUTONGJIBIEDEDIZUQINGKUANG。DANJIUWOGUOSHIDIANDIQUSHIJICAOZUOERYAN, ZAISHOUYIFENPEICENGMIANBINGWEIXINGCHENGYIZHIDEBIAOZHUN, JUTIBIAOZHUNJIANBIAO1。YOUCI, NONGCUNJITIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIHOUDESHOUYIFENPEIWENTISHIYIDAXUYAOJIEJUEDEZHONGNANDIANWENTI。

188体育网NONGCUNJITILIYIRUOSHIDIWEINANYINIUZHUAN。NONGCUNJINGYINGXINGJIANSHETUDIRUSHISHINONGMINJIYUHOUWANGDEYIXIANGGAIGE。NONGMINQUNTIXIJITONGGUOJIANGJITISUOYOUDEJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJIAOYI, DAILAIGENGDUOSHOUYI。RANER, SHIJISHANGNONGMINZAILIYIJIZHIZHONGCHUYURUOSHIDIWEI, BINGQIEZHEIZHONGRUOSHIDIWEIHENNANDUANSHIJIANNEIDEDAONIUZHUAN。YILAINONGMINHENNANZIZHUJUEDINGJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIJIAOYI, TONGCHANGSHICUNWEIHUIQUJUEYI, DANWANGWANGLIANGZHEZHIJIANLIYIBINGBUYIZHI。YINCI, NONGMINSHOUZHIYUCUNWEIHUIHUOCUNMINXIAOZU, JINGCHANGHUIFASHENGLIYIJIUGE。ERLAISHOUYIFENPEIJIZHIJUECEQUNTIDUOSHISHANGJIBUMENHUODIFANGZHENGFU, ZAIMEIYOUMINGQUEDEFALVZHIDUYUESHUQINGKUANGXIA, DIFANGZHENGFUHUOSHANGJIBUMENDADUOKENENGXUANZERUOHUANONGMINJITIDESHOUYIDIWEI。NONGMINQUNTIQUEWULIQUZHENGQUZISHENQUANYI, SHIJINGYINGXINGJIANSHEYONGDIRUSHIDESHOUYICHENGGUOWANGWANGHUIPANGLUOTAREN。


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